Uso de los adjetivos y su propiedades. Use of adjetives and its properties.

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Bonita, linda, hermosa, bella, and guapa: what's the difference?

I've seen all of these used to mean 'pretty', although 'hermosa' seems to mean beautiful and 'guapa' seems to mean handsome. Are there any subtle differences them? For instance, in English being ...
21
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2answers
1k views

Significance of adjective placement

In Spanish, adjectives typically come after the noun they modify. However, there are some cases when the adjective comes before the noun, and usually (always?) with a change in meaning. Example: ...
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adjectives for “same thing” vs. “same kind of thing”

In German, das gleiche refers to We both read the same (das gleiche) book (everyone has its own, but they look exactly the same) while das selbe refers to We both read the same book ...
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What's the “ísimo” in the following words?

What's the "ísimo" doing on the following adjectives? What rules should be applied to convert the adjectives to the corresponding "ísimo" adjective? Can this be applied to all adjectives or just a ...
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Why is it 'Santo' Tomás/Domingo, not 'san'?

As far as I know, those two are the only exceptions. Is there a particular reason for this?
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How to pluralize “sexy”?

The anglicism sexy is accepted in Spanish, as you know. When it's an adjective, how is its plural supposed to be build? X persona tiene ojos sexy(s). I'm slightly inclined to think that it ...
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486 views

Whose tea is it?

The most difficult part of my learning Spanish, is to get to grips with the various forms of pronouns, and now the posessive adjectives mi, tu, and su. I'm asking myself, how one would translate ...
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540 views

Cuál sería la traducción de Nice, Great y Good Question?

Esto se refiere a las Medallas de StackOverflow. Tengo: Nice Question => ????????????? | Question score of 10 or more Good Question => Buena pregunta | Question score of 25 or more Great Question ...
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¿Cuándo se utiliza «primer» y «primero»?

¿Por qué se dice primero en primero plato y no primer como en primer numero? ¿Cuál es la diferencia? Estoy confundido
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Translation of “cheesy”

What is the best Spanish translation of the English word "cheesy" (something inauthentic, trying too hard to be funny, cheap, shabby, etc.)?
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Alternativas a “irretrasable”

La vicepresidenta del Gobierno de España dijo recientemente "medidas irretrasables" que no existe en el español. Yo encuentro como sinónimos medidas inaplazables, medidas de imposible retraso. ¿Qué ...
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¿Por qué mis amigas dicen “listo” en vez de “lista” cuando están listas para ir?

He tenido la impresión de que debo de usar "lista" cuando me refiero a una mujer. Por ejemplo: Ella está lista para ir. Pero es común oír a mis amigas decir solo listo en este contexto. ¿Por ...
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When do you have to change adjectives ending in “-c” and another vowel to a “qu” while using “-ísimo”?

Spanish ¿Cuándo hay que cambiar los adjetivos que acaban en "-c" y otra vocal por "qu" usando "ísimo"? Sé que cuando se usa "-ísimo" con un adjetivo que acaba en "-co", la c cambia a qu y entonces ...
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Translation of mild, medium, and hot (food spiciness)

In English, salsa, hot sauce, or other spicy foods are often classified as either mild (not very spicy), medium (moderately spicy), or hot (very spicy). Does Spanish have similar adjectives to ...
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1answer
151 views

What adjective ending to use with “algo masculino y/o algo femenino”

When you're using y/o with options of different genders, what's the correct ending to use for an adjective that modifies both? Specifically, I was writing: Si entras un usuario y/o contraseña ...
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Why “fiestas de árboles” and not “árboles de fiestas”?

I encountered the expression "fiestas de árboles" in a song by a Chilean singer whose lyrics are: Tus ojos son fiestas de árboles, son mi ventana. Son estrellas que guían mi caravana. Google ...
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Adjective for fried food

Español El día de ayer estuve discutiendo con un amigo sobre como llamar a las comidas que estan fritas. ¿Llamas al pollo "frito" o "freido"? El pollo está frito El pollo está freido Para ...
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Placement of adjectives in Spanish [duplicate]

I know that in Spanish adjectives go after the nouns which they describe, as opposed to English where adjectives go before. So it is correct to say "la casa roja" in Spanish as "the red house" in ...
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1answer
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Spanish words for couple, few, handful, several, etc

In English, there are various words to express a small quality of something: a couple (two of something) a few (a small number, maybe around 3-5) a handful (another vague expression for a small ...
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1answer
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¿Cuál es el gentilicio de las personas de Alaska?

¿Cuál es el gentilicio correcto para hacer referencia a las personas que viven en Alaska?
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El uso de adjetivos como adverbios

Hay algo que me ha molestado desde que empecé a aprender español. He notado que a veces los adjetivos pueden usarse como adverbios. El ejemplo más prominente de este fenómeno es el uso de “junto” en ...
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Can adjectives be placed before nouns in Spanish?

I found this sentence in "Las Uvas de la Ira" (Spanish translation of "The Grapes of Wrath"): Los humorísticos y viejos ojos... I would have expected "the old humorous old eyes" to have been ...
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3answers
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Cerca vs. acerca vs. cercano

What is the exact difference between these words? If I were to translate, for instance, “I am near the bank”, which one of the following would be the best way to go and why: Estoy cerca del banco. ...
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1answer
345 views

Gender agreement with “fin de semana”

Would it be el fin de semana próxima or el fin de semana próximo for next weekend? And how would you say last weekend in Spanish?
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Algún to represent an indefinite quantity?

I'm using the textbook Fuentes: Conversación y gramática, and in it it states: "To talk about indefinite quantity in affirmitive sentences and questions, use the following adjectives and pronouns." ...
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May someone give an example on how to use “puesto” as an adjective?

A lesson on Memrise.com has the word "puesto" defined as an adjective meaning "placed, set". I've not found any examples that use "puesto" according to this definition. May someone give an example ...
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¿Adjetivo para el invierno?

Así como he escuchado veraniego y primaveral, ¿existen similares para otoño e invierno? El último me resulta más importante. Muchas gracias de antelación.
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bastante: enough or too much?

I have seen bastante translated as enough, plenty, or even too much. What range of meanings does bastante have? How can you determine whether it means just enough or too much?
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Taqueria La Michoacana — what's the significance?

What does this construction mean and what are it's limits? Why isn't it Taqueria de la Michoacana? Is this a common way of naming things?
3
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1answer
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Masculine vs feminine adjectives when used with first person verbs

I've been taking Spanish lessons through Duolingo and came across a question where a girl says "I sleep alone and eat alone." and you are asked to select the options for which is correct. It gave two ...
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1answer
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shy: tímido vs. reservado vs. vergonzoso vs. penoso

In many parts of the Spanish-speaking world, describing a person who is "shy" can be done with at least four different words: tímido reservado vergonzoso penoso What is the difference between ...
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1answer
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Does pelón/pelona mean bald or hairy?

I have heard pelón (or the feminine pelona) used to both refer to someone who has no hair and someone who has a lot of hair. Is there any way of distinguishing whether pelón means bald or hairy, or is ...
3
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1answer
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judging something as poor (objectively) , bad (emotionally)

In GLU we had a question on difference between schlimm-schlecht (bad-poor). My rule of thumb was: use bad if something feels bad, affects you emotionally in a negative sense use poor to judge ...
3
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1answer
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Adjective placement - Does order matter?

In English, generally we say or write adjective + noun, like the full moon or brown dog. Does order matter in Spanish, for instance Hablo un poco español vs. Hablo español un poco?
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Bien vs buen/bueno/buena to describe something good

I have encountered phrases like these: La buena comida. El buen hombre. Buenos días. However in none of these instances is it grammatically correct to substitute bien even though it ...
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The word ending “-ita/-ito” and its usage

English: From what I've seen, the -ita/-ito ending is used for describing little things, or as a better way of describing time periods, especially in businesses (like a waitress saying La comida va a ...
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1answer
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Are there other “feminine only” adjectives in Spanish besides “embarazada”?

In most if not all Spanish dictionaries I've checked, embarazada is only ever listed in its feminine form unlike all other adjectives I can think of. Is this semantic because it's considered that ...
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Adjective in “buena casa”

Is una buena casa or una casa bien preferred when you want to write "good house"? What is the difference between bien and buen?
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Grande vs Gran usage

Los grandes imperios han dominado la humanidad. Why not can't gran replace grandes in the sentence?
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What is the gender of adjectives that describe implied nouns?

I went to a Mexican restaurant and this is how my conversation went: Yo: Quiero un vaso de agua de sandía. Camarera: ¿Chica o Grande? Yo: Chica. Why did the waitress use "chica" ...
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4answers
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Declension of the word “patán”

How does one decline (if at all) the adjective patán? We all know there's inconsistencies in languages and I was thinking about this adjective. My intuition tells me it should be declined, but it ...
2
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1answer
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What is the absolute superlative of “delicioso?”

I'm thinking it is "deliciosísimo/a," but when I check it on online translators, it comes up as nothing. I would just like confirmation that this is wrong (or right), and what the correct absolute ...
2
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1answer
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diferente vs. otro/otra

I'm a bit confused about the differences in use of diferente and otro/otra. For example, I want to say "I'm a programmer like Javier, but I work for a different company." Would that be Soy un ...
2
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1answer
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La colocación del adjetivo en “fin de semana”

Cuando yo estaba respondiendo a esta pregunta, quería decir que la forma correcta de hablar del fin de semana que viene es: el próximo fin de semana y no: el fin de semana próximo Y eso, ...
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1answer
105 views

Translation of “Great!”

In English, the interjection "Great!" can be used to respond to almost any statement. In Spanish, I've heard a few similar interjections: ¡Qué bien! ¡Qué bueno! ¡Está bien! ¡Está bueno! I've ...
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Suffixes used to transform an adjective into a noun [closed]

Spanish has, to my knowledge, more possible suffixes than for example English or German. Many adjectives can be transformed into nouns by adding -ness, -ism, -ity in English, or -keit, -heit, -ismus ...
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Translating “wise” (not referring to a person, e.g. “wise decision”)

As I understand it, wise is normally translated as sabio when referring to a person. What about when not referring to a person? For example: I don't think that would be a very wise decision. ...
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1answer
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Efficient: eficiente vs. eficaz

The English "efficient" can be translated as either eficiente or eficaz in Spanish. What is the difference between these two translations? In what situations can each be used?
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Gracia vs. Gracia why?

Tendría gracia que un payaso estuviera perdido en una iglesia. Danzó con la gracia de un cisne. Why does gracia have such opposing meanings? Is there a historical context? Maybe because of ...
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Describing “una persona” who's male—adjective agreement

If I'm describing "una persona," but someone who happens to be male, is the correct adjective agreement "una persona famosa" or "una persona famoso?"