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As far as I can tell, the honorifics to address a woman are:

  • Señora (Sra.) which is equivalent to "Mrs." and is used to address a married woman;
  • Señorita (Srta.) which is equivalent to "Miss" and is used to address a unmarried woman

Is there an equivalent to "Ms.", which is used when you don't know (or don't want to reveal) the marital status of the lady you are referring to?

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"Señorita" is not only used for single women. Teachers or secretaries are usually addressed as "Señorita" (whether they are married or not). –  Javi Dec 14 '11 at 11:54

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up vote 5 down vote accepted

No. In a conversation, you can try to guess it (age, ring, etc.) and expect to be corrected (not too harshly) if wrong (and if the other party cares about your mistake).

In more formal situations, a common way is just stating "Señora o Señorita".

I think this distinction is less important than in English, since a woman does not take her husband's name. So, it will be either "Señorita Pérez" or "Señora Pérez", not "Señorita Pérez" or "Señora Martínez".

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