Spanish Language Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for students, teachers, and linguists wanting to discuss the finer points of the Spanish language. Join them; it only takes a minute:

Sign up
Here's how it works:
  1. Anybody can ask a question
  2. Anybody can answer
  3. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top

When referring to an extreme example for comparison, English seems to have just one word, even:

Even an idiot could do it.

But Spanish seems to have three:

I had always used aun for this but then realized it wasn't the only possibility, such as in the old Shakira song, Octavo Día:

Hasta un ciego lo puede ver (Even a blind man could see it)

Does the choice of which to use depend on grammar or nuance, or is it purely up to the speaker's preference?

share|improve this question
up vote 8 down vote accepted

The three of them are correct as the RAE entry for incluso says:

incluso, sa.

(Del lat. inclūsus).

  1. prep. Hasta, aun. Incluso a los enemigos amó. U. t. c. conj.

So they are synonyms. So you can say:

Hasta un idiota podría hacerlo

Incluso un idiota podría hacerlo

Aun un idiota podría hacerlo

No grammar rules apply, you can use any of them. All of them are used very often.

share|improve this answer
So I can always use all three in all cases, not just in my simplistic example? There are no instances where one would work better than the other two? – hippietrail Dec 12 '11 at 13:23
"Hasta" and "Incluso" are more used than "aun" (for this kind of sentences) in my opinion, at least in Spain. But as they mean exactly the same so you can use any of them always. – Juanillo Dec 12 '11 at 14:05

They are synonyms, however I'd say "hasta" is much more commonly used in hyperbole phrases. Thus:

  • Even a blind person can see it. — Hasta un ciego puede verlo.
  • Even your friend Johnny can see it. — Incluso tu amigo Juanito puede verlo.

Note, that you could switch them around and it would be still correct and understood. Only less commonly used.

share|improve this answer

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.