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This is a multiple question about genders.

Recently I just wondered about this subject while writing and thought:

Why is juez or concejal considered masculine while agente and detective are not?

Why aren't ciclista and dentista feminine but modista is?

The DRAE accepts the gender distinctive even when it is not useful, so dentisto and modisto are accepted (haha it's so ridiculous it makes me laugh).

For instance this is correct:

Mi modisto arregló mi vestido mientras fui a mi dentisto.

Why?

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Are you asking why some nouns that end with "o" are feminine, while some nouns that end with "a" are masculine? –  Alenanno Dec 7 '11 at 14:00
    
Yes that's what I am asking. And why is dentisto accepted and detective or agente considered masculine too. –  Joze Dec 7 '11 at 14:20
    
"La palabra dentisto no está en el diccionario" from RAE, are you sure is accepted? –  Laura Dec 7 '11 at 14:44
    
Yes it is just a formation, there are many words that are not in the dictionary but are accepted. Here is the link for the rules from RAE that say it doesn't matter so modisto is viable for example. Section 3, paragraph b For example "las poetas" would be accepted too. –  Joze Dec 7 '11 at 14:58
    
@Joze Femenine words are present in RAE dictionary, e.g. look for "concejal" and "concejala": they lead to "concejal, la.", but if you look for "dentisto" it says the word doesn't exist. I have never heard of it, and it sounds terrible to me (but modisto is OK). Not all names can have a distint word for femenine gender: the most famous case is "miembro" (A Spanish minister used "miembra" and was widely critized because it wasn't correct") Ngram Viewer gives no use of "dentisto": books.google.com/ngrams/… –  Javi Dec 7 '11 at 15:32
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1 Answer

Why aren't ciclista and dentista feminine but modista is?

Dentisto no es correcto en ningún caso, al igual que tampoco lo son electricisto, periodisto, pesimisto, populisto, sociolisto, catolicisto ni ciclisto.

El sufijo -ista se aplica para ambos géneros. La palabra "modisto" es un caso excepcional donde su uso intensivo incorrecto se popularizó de tal forma que se acabó aceptando, pero solo es una excepción.

The DRAE accepts the gender distinctive even when it is not useful, so dentisto and modisto are accepted (haha it's so ridiculous it makes me laugh).

For instance this is correct:

Mi modisto arregló mi vestido mientras fui a mi dentisto.

Why?

Creo que estás equivocado. Tal vez en algún sitio se diga "dentisto", no te lo puedo negar, pero decir "dentisto" es incorrecto. Es una incorrección (que será de uso habitual en ciertos sitios) pero es como cuando yo cometo laísmo o leísmo.

Que un grupo de personas cometamos laísmo no significa que se permita el laísmo. Que un grupo de personas digan "dentisto" no significa que se permita dicha atrocidad.

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Tienes razón, precisamente esa es la razón por la que hice esta pregunta. Porque dentisto no suena ni más remotamente correcto. Pero entonces ¿porqué modista es una excepción? Pienso es evidente que electricisto y tus otros ejemplos no sean correctos, aunque ya he visto dentisto por más ridículo que suene. (1 o 2 veces) Esperemos otras respuestas a ver si alguien tiene una percepción diferente sobre el tema... –  Joze Dec 7 '11 at 16:36
    
Mi OPINIÓN es que hace unas pocas décadas un grupo de snob (con dinero pero sin cultura) empezaron a usar incorrectamente esa palabra en sus selectos ambientes de la alta costura. Y con el tiempo su uso se acabó extendiendo entre los seguidores de la moda. –  Nexus Dec 7 '11 at 16:46
    
@Joze, Nexus is absolutely right. Dentisto is such an epic wrong that its epicness alone could make it sound right. –  Jaime Pardos Dec 8 '11 at 14:11
    
@Nexus ur rep is 666!!! EPIC haha. I agree its an epic wrong!! That's why I ask!! :-) –  Joze Dec 8 '11 at 14:15
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