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I see them both being used to represent possession. For example:

El gato es suyo

and

El gato es tuyo.

Are these sentences the same? What is the difference between these words?

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4 Answers 4

up vote 3 down vote accepted

We use "tuyo" when we refer to the person as "tú". We use "suyo" when we refer to the person as "usted". We also use "suyo" when we refer to someone else's possessions.

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1  
So they both mean the same only one is formal and the other is informal? –  0x499602D2 Jan 28 at 23:41
    
Yes, but also "suyo" can be uses for someone else's possessions. When we say "El gato es suyo" we can be talking about "usted" or about "él/ella", the second one as "El gato es de él/ella" –  ntrx Jan 29 at 0:07
    
So tuyo means "yours" and suyo means "his, hers, etc." –  0x499602D2 Jan 29 at 0:10
1  
"tuyo" = yours || "suyo" = yours or her-his –  ntrx Jan 29 at 0:12

"tuyo" and "suyo" are both possesive adjectives. You use "tuyo" when you are speaking in 2nd person or directly to a person in front of you.

For insance :

Este coche es tuyo --------> This car is yours

You use "suyo" when you are speaking in third person or referring to a third person.

For insance :

Este coche es suyo --------> This is her car / The car is hers

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vea la respuesta de alonso.torres para más información –  Theta30 Feb 9 at 19:34
    
voy a confirmar que es mas completa.gracias –  Roberto Feb 9 at 22:27

Both tuyo and suyo are possessive adjectives.
Translating respectively, to yours and yours,his,hers,theirs

And since they are adjectives they follow the same gender rules.

They can also be used as nouns but only if the possessed object is already mentioned prior in context.

Example.. in english.

  • My vehicle is better than yours.
  • Your cat is fatter than his.
  • Your photograph is uglier than his.

Translated respectively.

  • Mi vehículo es mejor que lo suyo.
  • Tu gato es mas gordo que lo suyo.
  • Tu foto es mas fea que la suya.

I believe you can substitute the los for els

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The correct translations would be: - Mi vehículo es mejor que el tuyo/suyo. (non-formal/formal) - Tu gato es más gordo que el suyo. - Tu foto es más fea que la suya. –  alonso.torres Feb 11 at 22:06

El gato es suyo.

Can have four meanings depending upon who you're talking to or the context:

  • The cat is yours (formal speaking, if you're using 'Usted' as the person)
  • The cat is his
  • The cat is hers
  • The cat is theirs

El gato es tuyo.

Can only mean:

  • The cat is yours
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This is very clear. Thank you very much! –  0x499602D2 Jan 29 at 0:39
    
A little side question - "Sus gafas.": Is the "Sus" masculine or feminine in this sentence? –  0x499602D2 Jan 29 at 1:06
4  
Sus has no gender, it's used either for masculine and feminine stuff. Note that it's different from Suyos/Suyas where the gender is specified: Estas gafas son suyas. –  alonso.torres Jan 29 at 16:26

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