Take the 2-minute tour ×
Spanish Language Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for students, teachers, and linguists wanting to discuss the finer points of the Spanish language. It's 100% free, no registration required.

I usually use the possessives mi and mío interchangeably.

For example:

  • Esta es la casa mía.
  • Esta es mi casa.

However, do the two have different connotations? (e.g. is one more formal or used more in certain regions?)

In this case I used mi and mía as examples, but this would also apply to su vs. suyo, tu, vs. tuyo, etc.

share|improve this question
add comment

3 Answers

up vote 7 down vote accepted

"Esta es la casa mía" may be correct, but I've never heard it from the lips of any native Spanish speaker. We always say "esta es mi casa".

We use the form "mía":

  • If someone asks "¿de quién es esa casa?", and you answer "mía", or "es mía".
  • In sentences like "ese es tu vaso y este, el mío".
  • (In many other cases.)
share|improve this answer
    
You're from Spain? Maybe it's a regional thing. I frequently heard "la mía" or "el mío" as a standard idiom when I was in Argentina. –  Mason Wheeler Apr 12 '12 at 21:43
4  
Yes, I'm from Spain. Here, we do say "esta es la mía", but I've never heard "esta es la casa mía". Maybe they say it, in other countries. –  Telaclavo Apr 12 '12 at 22:24
    
I totally agree with this answer (I'm from Spain too) –  MikMik Apr 13 '12 at 7:04
    
Another spanish here agreeing this answer. Maybe the sentence "es la casa mía" comes from a region of South America. But it sounds to me like Italian, not Spanish. –  elboletaire Apr 14 '12 at 15:04
    
@luke It’s super-duper more common to say “Ésta as mi casa”, but there is room for saying “Ésta es casa mía” (without the la, however). See my answer for the difference between mi casa and casa mía. –  tchrist Jul 28 '12 at 23:08
add comment

The short story is that in this case, “mi casa” means just plain “my house”, whereas “casa mía” means “my house”. Hear the difference? In the second one, you say the word my with more emphasis, as though it were set in italic.

It’s super-duper more common to say “Ésta es mi casa”, but there is room for saying “Ésta es casa mía” (without the la). You might conceivably do that if somebody just said to you that that one was their house.

The stressed construction with mía at the end is the equivalent of leaning on the word in English, like saying “Yeah, well, this one is my house.”

See? That one would be casa mía instead of just mi casa.

You’ll find that Spanish will often simply invert normal word order for places where English more often uses stressed words alone. Inversion here would stress the my part. Sure, you wouldn’t normally do that, but on rare occasion, you just might.

share|improve this answer
1  
When would you use "ésta es casa mía"? –  JoulSauron Jul 29 '12 at 0:55
    
@JoulSauron Pretty only the sort of thing that would be as a response to somebody else first saying “Ésta es mi casa,” because you’re trying to contrast with theirs. It’s when in English you would say “And this one is my house” (as opposed to that other one being theirs). Or if you were translating "this house of mine". –  tchrist Jul 29 '12 at 1:42
    
casa mia is seldom used. If you want to stress the fact that it's your house, you usually say mi casa (stressing the "mi"). –  Gonzalo Medina Jul 29 '12 at 2:34
    
@tchrist I have never heard "ésta es casa mía" in Spain, not it daily use nor in literature. Probably a couple of centuries ago or before, but never nowadays. We only say "esta casa es mía" or "ésta es mi casa". –  JoulSauron Jul 29 '12 at 18:39
    
@JoulSauron Yes, that sounds more natural. I was just trying to explain to Luke the general difference between “mi cosa” and “cosa mía”, for arbitrary cosas. :) I wouldn’t consider “mi amigo” interchangeable with “amigo mío” either, although the difference isn’t easily translated into English. –  tchrist Jul 29 '12 at 18:46
add comment

From your examples:

Esta casa es mía.

Esta es mi casa.

The meaning is the same. I would say that example 1.) emphasizes more who does the house belong to. Pretty much like my and mine, I believe?

I would use 2.) in a more casual way, something like Look! This is my house whereas 1.) is more for This is mr. Smith's house, that is mrs. Robinson's, but next house is mine.

share|improve this answer
2  
As simple as: Esta casa es mía = This house is mine and Esta es mi casa = This is my house –  MikMik Apr 13 '12 at 7:03
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.