What does "que" and "cual" mean without an accent mark? How do they compare when to each other? How do they compare to their accent-marked form?
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Qué can also be an exclamative adjective (if it is used before a noun):
Qué can also be an exclamative adverb (if it is used before an adjective):
Qué can also be used in exclamations (not only in questions). So qué (with accent mark) can be used in direct or indirect questions and exclamations:
Without accents, they are relative pronouns:
Que (without the accent) can also be a conjunction:
(1) "Que" (without accent) is equivalent to "that". For example:
(2) "Cual" (without accent) is quite equivalent to "whom". For example:
(3) Their accent marked form is used when asking. All interrogatory pronouns in spanish have accent (e.g. qué, cuál, cómo, dónde). For example:
This also applies to the defining or non-defining relative clauses.
We use que for the relative pronouns who & which:
However, this can be even more complicated because we introduce que in clauses where English sentences don't have them: