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Latinoamérica, Hispanoamérica, Sudamérica or other?

For someone living in Venezuela or Chile, for example, what term would I be most likely to hear to describe countries south of the US?

The terms have different meanings, but I often use them synonymously. Is there a term that people in the Spanish-speaking world tend to use more, or are they just more precise with the terms than I am?

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See this question: spanish.stackexchange.com/q/1324/45 –  dusan Jan 15 '12 at 2:30
    
Dude this question is so broad you are likely to get a different a answer for every country south of the US border. And yet another for every subculture whiting those countries. –  Fortunato Jan 15 '12 at 8:37
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South America has nothing to do with been "south" of US. –  Ricardo Jan 15 '12 at 14:17
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There is no geographical name for "anything south of US". Not in English, not in Spanish, nor in any other language. –  vartec Jan 16 '12 at 10:15
    
The term "south of the border" is American slang for a region that could stretch from Tijuana to Tierra del Fuego. But most people use if to refer to Mexico, particularly the territory close to the border with the US. –  Walter Mitty Mar 10 '13 at 2:37
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3 Answers

There are not synonymous, actually the diference is quite simple:

Sudamérica: Geographically, a subcontinent of "América", limited to the north by the Caribean sea. It does not include the Caribean, Central America ("Centroamérica") or North America ("Norteamérica"). Argentina, Brazil and Suriname are in "Sudamérica", but not Costa Rica, México or Cuba.

Latinoamérica: All american countries where a romance language (Spanish, Portuguese, French) is spoken as main language. Includes countries of South, North, Central America and the Caribean. Argentina, Brazil, Costa Rica, México and Cuba are in "Latinoamérica", but not Suriname. Particularly, Canada as country is not included despite French is spoken in some provinces.

Hispanoamérica: All american countries where Spanish is spoken as main language. Includes countries of South, North, Central America and the Caribean. Argentina, Costa Rica, México and Cuba are in "Hispanoamérica" but not Brazil or Suriname.

It's important to remark that there is no term to refer "all countries to the south of US", and the terms described before can't be used for that purpose.

"Latinamérica", "Hispanoamérica" and "Iberoamérica" have cultural and linguistical implications, so are more complex to use. I would suggest to use "South America", "Central America" and "México" (only latin american country in North America) acording to the case, but I guess other people could think different.

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Good answer. I'd add some examples. Sudamérica includes Argentina, Brazil and Suriname, but not Mexico. Latinoamérica includes Mexico, Argentina and Brazil, but not Suriname. Hispanoamérica includes Mexico and Argentina but not Brazil or Suriname. –  CesarGon Jan 15 '12 at 14:54
    
Thanks, @CesarGon, I included some examples to clarify. –  Ricardo Jan 15 '12 at 15:16
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I'd point out that Canada is not included in "Latinoamérica" even if there are French speaking areas in it because English is also spoken in that American country. –  Javi Jan 15 '12 at 15:43
    
Done, thanks for the clarification. –  Ricardo Jan 15 '12 at 18:38
    
Nice answer! I suggest putting the very pertinent example of CesarGon. :) Keep up the good work! –  Joze Jan 15 '12 at 21:59
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Sudamérica: Los paises sud de Panama. No incluyendo Mexico o los paises de America Central.

Latinoamérica: Los paises en los que se habla espanol o portugues.

Hispanoamérica: Los paises de Latinoamerica MENOS Brazil.

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According to the Cuban writer Guillermo CAbrera Infante, the way to call the countries in America that share the Spanish language should be Hispanoamerica or Iberoamerica if we want to include Brazil as culutrally is closed to Hispanoamerica. GCI always was pointing out that Latinamerica was a ridiculos name, promoted by France to justify the French intervention in Mexico, whith Maximilan.

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